Wednesday, August 17, 2011

Terap - Artocarpus elasticus Reinw

Mid-canopy tree up to 38 meters in length and 83 cm where the call. Stop with the white sap. Stipules California. 120 mm, and poetry. Leaves alternate, simple, penni - veined, usually felt below, the margin entire to deeply lobed. Flowers California. 1 mm, yellow, fused in a large body elongate flower. California fruit. 110 mm diameter, and yellowish-brown, spherical, spiky syncarp filled with many seeds inside the white meat.


Kingdom: Plantae (Plants)
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta (vascular plants)
Super Division: Spermatophyta (seed Produce)
Division: Magnoliophyta (flowering plants)
Class: Magnoliopsida (dashed two / dikotil)
Sub Class: Dilleniidae
Order: Urticales
Family: Moraceae (tribe jack-nangkaan)
Genus: Artocarpus
Species: Artocarpus elastica Reinw
Undisturbed mixed dipterocarp in for a little disturbed, keranga and semi-mountainous forests up to a height of 1300 meters. Sediments on the slopes of the mountains and hills, sandy sites and work clay soil. In secondary forests that are usually found on the remains of what before the riots.


The wood is used locally. And used the bark to make tapes of the basket. Latex glue is used and birds. Fruits and seeds (roasted) are edible.
Plant monoecious, and 45-65 m altitude, and branches up to 30 meters in diameter and 1.2 to 2 m, and the outer bark gray - dark gray, soft to slightly scaly, and if wounded remove thick white latex; bark yellow to pale brown ; sapwood yellowish white; spiral arrangement of leaves, leathery artificially, seedlings and plants 2-3 times pinnatifid and a length of 2 mm, in a simple moral stations; stipula amplexicaul, lanceolate, 60-20 cm, spiky hair with the hair colored yellow, brown red ; petiole 40-10 cm long; oval leaves until we reach the ellipse from 0.15 to 60 cm x 10-35 cm, and a round or tapered, the edges of leaves flat or shallowly indented, and indicated by the bones rose to the top of the papers and a pair of bones 12-14 securities side. Flowering, my single sex, solitary, axiller. Syncarp fruit, peduncle 7-12 cm long, cylindrical, up to 17 cm x 10 cm, and brownish yellow. Seeds of the ellipse, 10 mm × 6 mm. Germination of seedlings with hypogeal.
Artocarpus elastic can be propagated by seeds. And refused the seeds that can germinate (85%) when grown in the new case, but the germination of seeds that were stored for 1 week and 0% for seeds stored for 2 weeks. Seeds are still good when kept within the fruit, and can be longer sehinggapenyimpanan in this way. Artocarpus elastic cultivated in the villages, in some cases, for example in Indonesia, but in some cases, wild body.

The inner bark of Artocarpus traditionally elastic in clothing, for example by indigenous people in Sarawak. This material is used to make shirts and underwear, jackets, belts and the wall. In Malaysia, Artocarpus elastic fibers is a feature in the rice harvest, weddings

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