Thursday, August 18, 2011

Alexandrian Laurel - Calophyllum inophyllum Linn

Nyamplung (Calophyllum inophyllum Linn.) English called Alexandrian laurel or mahogany Borneo is a versatile plant species. In addition to good wood to use as building materials and meuleber is also beneficial for healthy fruit and oil (biofuels) with sufficiently high levels oktannya

Commercially known as bintangur, Sumatra called bintangur, bintol, mentangur, acacia, known as Java Bunut, sulatri; Lombok - NTB (Nyamplung) in Borneo called bataoh, bentangur, butoo, jempelung, Jiita , mahadingan, maharunuk; Sulawesi (betau, bintula, dinggale, pude, wetai) in the Moluccas (balitoko, bintao, bitaur, pataule), NTT (bentango, gentangir, monitor, samplong, tau).
Average tree, height up to 35 m, without substantiating the root circumference. Menjorong leaves, rounded eggs, egg breech round or oblong, rounded the corner at the base, rounded or slightly notched tapered at the tip.
Inflorescence in the armpit, usually unbranched, but sometimes with branches, each branch 3 flowers, inflorescence consists of 5-15 (-30) flowers. Fruit rounded egg breech rounded, 25-50 mm long, with the outer layer is relatively thin and compact, gray-green.
A medium to large trees spread in the coastal regions of India. Light gray, smooth bark, marble fragrant white flowers in clusters, light yellow, smooth drupes. The tree is native to the forests of the range of the Arabian Sea.
The fruits are edible. It can be grown as a windbreak, plant avenue, shade trees and garden trees. It was also used in beekeeping. Fleur is a substitution of Ayurvedic medicine "Nayakeshar." All plant parts have medicinal properties. Wood is a good source of wood.
Habitat Nyamplung easy to find on the beach (sandy beach), grows in tropical rain forests with the type of precipitation is very wet, wet, on marshland near the coast to land in the hills of height of 800 m dpi.
The wood used for various purposes such as manufacturing of construction, furniture and cabinets, boats, musical instruments, canoes and boats. The oil from its seeds can be used for lighting, soap and medicine.
The sap of the bark has flaked used for medicine. The tree is often planted as an ornamental and shade, and also be used on reforestation and afforestation. The fruit can be eaten.

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