Thursday, August 18, 2011

Black wood cassia - Cassia siamea Lamk - Senna siamea

Johar or Juarez is the name of the production of a type of deciduous trees, including the interests of the Fabaceae (legumes, pulses). The tree is often planted as a shade side of the road is also known by names that are similar, such as Juwara (Btw., JW., Sd.) Or Johor (Mly.). In Sumatra, the tree is also called cajoled or trays. In English this plant is known by several names such as black wood cassia, Bombay Blackwood, kassod tree, Siamese senna and others. Scientific name, Siam, referring to the land of origin, namely Siam or Thailand.

Originally from South Asia, and the natural spread is not clear. Tropis.Dapat widely planted in the area cultivated in the climate spans the width, but grows best in lowland areas, rainfall 500-2800 mm, the average temperature of from 20 to 31 C, 4-8 months of the season dry. Not grow at altitudes above 1300 m, can not withstand temperatures below 10 C requires a moist, well drained, fertile, pH 5.5-7.5. Can be grown on marginal land, are infertile, but not recommended, as this type can not fix nitrogen. Shallow roots so easily collapse if there is a strong wind.
The tree is medium sized, evergreen, height 10-12 m, sometimes reaching 20 m. Stem short, the editorial meetings and round when young, after the parents are not necessarily separate, gray weather skin young, smooth longitudinal cracks further. Leaves alternate, 15-30 cm long, compound, with children 6 to 14 advanced hairy leaves. Large bright yellow flowers, over 60 cm long, upright, pyramidal panicle.
Seeds should be sown in the open, some shade alone can reduce germination. Seeds can be sown directly into the grooves or small holes with a depth of 4-5 cm and 30 cm jarangkan at the end of the first rainy season and becomes 1.8 x 1.8 m in the next season rains.
In dry areas is recommended to use plastic bags, with a media mix of topsoil and leaf compost. Water regularly. Ready to be planted in the field after the height reaches 30-35 cm Plantation can also be directly distributed to the stump or in the field.
Antibacterial effect against Proteus vulgaris, the anti-malarial drugs have been confirmed, however, is the largest depression of the CNS (central nervous system).
Soporific effect (induce sleep) for insomnia. There are reports of muscle relaxant action similar to benzodiazepam. Muscular convulsions subsided, as the effect allows smooth muscle to close. Cassia siamea functions as an excellent tranquilizer and has also been described as an anxiolytic (anti-anxiety agent). It also has some (pain killing) analgesic and diuretic (to promote the elimination of excess fluid) properties.

Unlike its counterparts pharmacy, Cassia siamea produces no side effects or toxicity, has no lethal dose, and especially not lead to dependence (addiction). Cassia siamea is a pharmaceutical first class psycho.
Cassia siamea is a hypnotic (sleep talking, instead of inducing sleep) of the product. In normal use, there is an alternative phychopharmaceutics optimal because it does not lead to physical dependence.

At the last world congress on medicinal herbal cures a case has been reported that ingestion of an extract of Cassia siamea has led to a reversible hepatitis. This condition is not counted as having been validated. Its constant use can nevertheless be recommended over a period of twelve months in case of acute liver disease, with examinations of the liver.

In this indication, Cassia siamea is a safe product, especially when used in its natural form (not denatured) and is taken in a dilution of alcohol. From my perspective as a doctor and pharmacognocist I think it is essential for the reader to know that I would first administer Cassia siamea in powder form to my own children in case of hyperactivity - for which there may be other psychological therapies - no dilemma.

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