Thursday, August 18, 2011

Indian Rosewood - Dalbergia latifolia Roxb

Dalbergia latifolia in world trade is known as Indian rosewood, Bombay Blackwood or Rosewood Java (Ingg.) palisandre the Independent (Prc.) in the classification of Indonesia classified as rosewood. In Java, known variant called sonobrit and sonosungu. This tree produces a beautiful wood, hard and high quality.
Current name: Dalbergia latifolia
Authority: Roxb.
Family: Fabaceae - Papilionoideae
In Indonesia, rosewood is found in the wild in the forests of Central Java and East Java at altitudes below 600 meters above sea level., Especially in rocky, infertile, and dried regularly. Growing up in groups, but not much in the forests of the season as the leaves in the drying time.
Another is the distribution of natural rosewood Indian subcontinent, from the Himalayan foothills at the southern tip of the peninsula, especially in the monsoon forests in dry regions of Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu in the Western Ghats. However, these plants live in areas with good rainfall between 750-5000 mm per year, on various soil types but prefers deep, moist soil with good drainage.
Round, thin leafy canopy. Tree to 43 m high, trunk without a branch 3-5 m long, up to 150 cm in diameter, is usually not a straight trunk, mostly curved, without buttresses. White outer skin peeled off in small pieces.
D. latifolia reproduces by seed, root suckers or coppice. Artificial reproduction is common by cutting the root seed and the stump sprout. Direct seeding is possible in wet conditions with a good fight against weeds. Root cuttings can be planted directly in the field or raised in a nursery for the future of transplantation.
Fresh seeds germinate in 50-75% 7-21 days of sowing. Stored in jute bags or clay pots, seeds remain viable for six months (Kadambi, 1954). Seed viability can be extended to 9-12 months by drying seeds to moisture content of 8% and store them in airtight containers, however, germination will be reduced to 30-40%. One kilogram of seed contains 21 000
Odd pinnately compound leaves with 5-7 leaflets of unequal size, turns on its axis. Child Fitness sheets (obtusus) wide, green above and greyish underneath.
The tannins in the bark are used to produce drugs for the treatment of diarrhea, worms, indigestion, and leprosy. These tannins also produce an aperitif.