Thursday, August 18, 2011

Amaltas - Cassia fistula Linn

Trees are generally small to medium fall or spring-fall in the summer, spreading branching, the branches are bare. The leaves are compound with 3-7 pairs of leaves Pinaki, Pinaki rounded leaves oblong egg, slightly menjangat, based on the width of the hold, tapered tip, the upper surface shiny, bald when ripe. Inflorescence loose all located in the armpits, hanging flowering much. Fragrant flowers, large rounded petals eggs, golden yellow. Fruit hanging, pole, black, bald. Seed lots, separated by a partition such as paper and pulp as well as the sticky and black.

This is a deciduous tree from tropical to subtropical wet Thorn through thorns to the humid forest areas. Indian laburnum is reported to tolerate rainfall from 480 to 2720 mm, annual temperature of 18 to 28.5 ° C and a pH of 5.5 to 8.7. The tree can withstand moderate amount of shade, drought resistant, but not freezing Hardy.
A native of tropical Asia, widely cultivated and naturalized in the tropics, including the West Indies and continental tropical America.

New leaves appear normally during March to July in India. The flowers appear mainly from April to July, although some trees flower later in October, especially during dry years. The long cylindrical pods grow quickly and reach their full length in October and they ripen during December to March. The pods are ripe to begin to fall in May.
Since ancient times this type was used as a laxative in the tropics. In Thailand, traditionally used as vermifuge this type. The wood is sometimes used for the foundation, carts and farming tools. Bark used for tanning and as an ingredient in betel nut paste.

Biography limits atitude annual temperature: 18-29 ° C. Average annual rainfall: 480-2 720 mm Soil type: The tree prefers soils of pH 5.5 to 8.7

The leaves of this tree is effective as scabies medicine and drugs against malaria. Drugs used for scabies about 10 grams of fresh leaves that were washed and then ground Trengguli until smooth, then attached to the scab and wrapped in a clean cloth. Trengguli sheets containing saporin, flavonida, and polyphenols.

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